Bridge rules

Have you ever wanted to learn to play bridge? You can find many examples of a tutorial all over the internet, but if you want to learn bridge game, we have gathered a fine collection of resources (rules, requirements, card play, bidding conventions, quizzes) to help you get started.

Is bridge difficult?

Bridge game rules start out simple but get progressively more complicated. There are several things to consider, such as bridge bidding, scoring, other bridge game rules that might confound beginners or even intermediate players.

Our resources will help you understand not only the rules themselves but also the reason behind some of the complexities.

What Do You Need to Play Bridge?

Once you have decided to learn bridge game, the bare minimum materials you need :

  • 4 players
  • A 52 cards deck
  • A score pad
  • Something with which to write.

Advanced players, particularly playing duplicate bridge, will also need bidding boxes and “boards,” which are trays into which the cards are inserted.

Bridge rules

As we saw previously, bridge is a card game played with 4 players divided into 2 teams of 2 people each. The players sitting across from each other at the same table form partnerships as North‑South and East‑West.

 Bridge players North‑South and East‑West
Bridge players position – Source : Funbridge appBut before getting to the heart of the matter, there’s one thing you need to know and that makes bridge different than other card games: the lingo.

The two teams are also called “pairs”.

In a pair, whoever is playing the hand is the “declarer” because that person has declared the “trump suit” or has made the hand to be played without a trump suit, which is called “no trump.”

The “dummy,” which comes from the French word for silent, is the declarer’s partner and places the hand face-up on the table after the “bidding” is done and the “opening lead” is made by the player on declarer’s left.

The other two players are the defenders for that hand. These terms are just a few of the things you will learn during learning bridge.

If you want to know more about these bridge terms, please visit our bridge glossary

(or go to our how to play bridge tutorial in our app. When you use our tutorial, how to play bridge will become clearer and clearer as you progress).

Bridge bidding

A bridge deal consists of two phases: bidding and card play. In this phase, players bid for the minimum number of tricks they think they can take to win the deal.

The dealer makes the first call. He is the “opener”. Then the auction proceeds clockwise. There may be several bidding rounds.

The bidding ends when three players in succession say Pass, meaning that they do not want to bid higher. The final bid becomes the “contract”.

 Bridge players North‑South and East‑West
Duplicate Bridge bids – Source : Funbridge appA bid in bridge consists of:

  • A number from 1 to 7 called “level”.
  • A suit (spades, hearts, diamonds or clubs) or “notrump” (NT).

The number refers to the total number of tricks (six plus the number indicated in the bid) one pair has contracted to make. The suit indicates the trump suit.

For instance, the North-South pair has bid 4H. It commits to making 10 tricks with hearts as trumps.

If a player thinks that the last bid made by one of his opponents is too optimistic, he can double it when it is his turn to speak. This double can be redoubled by an opponent.

The purpose of bidding is to relay information about the strengths and weaknesses of your hand to your partner. It will help you determine the easiest contract to make based on your respective hands. It is therefore important to know the meaning of each bid. This is referred to as “bidding systems and conventions”.